Local and Timely High Desert Gardening Tips
November 16th thru November 30th, 2017
Moana Nursery Teammates say, "For successful high
desert gardening, NOW is the time to ..........."
General Garden & Lawn Care:
- If you have not already done so, consider applying a pre-emergent weed control to open areas in your landscape. Many coo-season weeds, including cheatgrass will emerge in late winter or very early spring. Apply by the end of the month get ahead of next year’s weeds.
- Store all unused fertilizers, herbicides and pesticides in original, labeled containers IN A FROST FREE PLACE; check expiration dates to be sure they’re still viable.
- Once night time temperatures drop to below freezing for a few consecutive days, turn off your irrigation system and drain the valves. Or call Moana Landscape Services to do it for you – 825-0602 x134.
- Visit http://www.moananursery.com/helpful-high-desert-videos/irrigation-on-off-video.html for simple winterizing instructions. Store hoses in garage.
- Be watching for those periods during this fall and winter when we are lacking natural precipitation to sustain our plants’ health. Visit http://www.moananursery.com/fb_files/IF-13%20Winter%20Watering.pdf to read our fact sheet titled IF-13 Winter Watering.
- Don’t panic if you see yellow or brown needles which then drop on pines, firs and spruce; as long as they are not at the end of each branch, it’s normal shedding. If the needle die off is at the end of the branch, then contact a Moana Nursery professional for advice.
- Regularly rake lawns to keep falling leaves and twigs from suffocating grass.
- Fertilize lawns for a final time this month, if you haven’t done so in the past six weeks, with Bonide Winterizer or G&B Organics Lawn Fertilizer slow-release organic product high in nitrogen; it will help lawns retain green color longer in winter and color up faster in early spring.
- Avoid walking on frozen turf; it breaks grass blades.
- Add 2 to 4 inches of G&B Organics Soil Building Conditioner to garden beds once the ground has completely frozen. Moana recommends SBC because it stays in place.
- Continue to add grass clippings, leaves and dried plant material to your compost pile; turn regularly to speed decomposition.
- Before temperatures fall below freezing, disconnect outside water hoses, drain and store indoors.
- Empty ceramic, cement and terra cotta containers, clean and store in a frost-free space.
- Avoid using salt-based, de-icing products in or around garden areas for snow removal. Moana recommends Sure Paws which is friendly to the environment, pets and plants.
Tree and Shrub Care:
- Continue to plant trees & shrubs and apply 2 to 4 inches of G&B Organics Soil Building Conditioner to protect their root zones, being careful to keep it 4 inches away from their trunks.
- Continue to water newly planted trees and shrubs, especially evergreens, until ground freezes.
- Don’t forget to use appropriate dormant season sprays to control insects and disease. If you identified a disease problem, now is the time to spray with a fungicide. Moana Nursery professionals are happy to help if you need advice.
- Spray broadleaf evergreens (rhododendrons, laurels, boxwoods, euonymus) with Bonide Wilt Stop now and again in January to help with our dry winters.
- Wait until trees and shrubs drop their leaves or undergo color change before digging and moving them to new sites.
- To keep deer from rubbing antlers on tree trunks, spread garden netting or snow fencing around abused trees.
- Deter rabbits and rodents from over-wintering in gardens by cutting down their winter habitats, e.g., ornamental grass clumps, perennials left standing for winter interest. Treat area with Bonide Repels-All or Plantskydd according to directions.
Perennial & Annual Care:
- Continue to plant spring blooming bulbs this month as weather and soil conditions permit; be sure to add Gardner & Bloome Bone Meal or G&B Organics Bud & Bloom, water well and mulch with G&B Organics Soil Building Conditioner after planting. If deer, rodents or rabbits have been a problem in the past, plant these pest-resistant bulbs: ornamental onion, grape hyacinth, narcissus, windflower, winter aconite or fritillaria.
- Use Molemax to repel burrowing rodents and Bonide Repels-All or Plantskydd to protect perennials from deer, squirrels & rabbits.
- Perennial beds should be cleaned up this time of year, but some foliage should be left to protect the crown, even in those plants that are not being used for winter interest.
- Once perennials are dormant, mulch crowns with G&B Organics Soil Building Conditioner to protect against drying winds and freeze/thaw temperatures.
- Winterize aquatic gardens.
Outdoor Pottery & Fountain Care:
- Always use pots with drainage holes.
- Do not block, plug, or otherwise obstruct drainage holes.
- Be sure to use a premium potting soil to insure proper drainage; we recommend G&B Organics Blue Ribbon Blend Premium Potting Soil.
- Do not attempt to move pots that are frozen to the ground.
- Remove saucers during winter to ensure complete drainage.
- Do not allow standing water to freeze inside pots.
- Cover pots that are not in use — please note that pots which are planted with bulbs count as “in use.”
- Although they are not required, using pot feet will further enhance drainage.
- Completely drain and remove pump.
- Place absorbent material in fountain such as burlap or towels.
- Either move fountain into garage or other protected area or cover empty, dried fountain so that no water can accumulate and freeze.
- Moisture underneath the fountain can cause damage as it will freeze from below. Make sure fountain is covered to make sure that no moisture can accumulate under the fountain (such as run off from melting snow).
Indoor Plant Care:
- Regularly inspect plants brought in from outside -- citrus, gardenia, geranium, etc -- for insects. Spider mites and scale will quickly damage plants and spread to other house-plants.
- To treat fungus gnats, use Bonide Systemic Houseplant Insect Control, Mosquito Bits or Bonide Eight.
- Pot up pretreated bulbs, such as amaryllis, paperwhite narcissus and others, for holiday blooms.
- Reduce watering and cut back on fertilizer except for plants intended to bloom all winter, such as miniature roses or geraniums.
- Violets should be fertilized year round.
- Give houseplants a 1 to 15 degree difference in day and night temperatures. Increase humidity with pebble trays and humidifiers.
- Continue to fertilize orchids with Grow More 20-20-20 orchid fertilizer until they set flowers; run room temperature water through pots every 2-3 weeks to leach salts from soil. Examine foliage to ensure it doesn’t scorch from exposure to direct southern sun.
- Feed high fat, high caloric content seeds to help satisfy birds’ cold weather needs. Black oil sunflower, nyjer, peanuts and finch blend all add needed calories.
- Feeding No Mess Plus seed blend provides the extra fat and calories birds need this time of year due to the addition of fruit, large peanut and bark butter pieces.
- Pull feeders in at night to avoid attracting unwanted visitors such as raccoons, bears and deer which may be foraging in preparation for the winter days ahead.
- Install a clear plastic weather dome to protect tube feeders from rain and snow.
- Hang a cylinder feeder with one of our many seed or suet cylinder choices for easy no-fuss bird feeding in winter. Be sure to check out our new holiday cylinders Peanut the Squirrel, Dash the Gingerbread Man, Hoot and Screech the Owls along with festive seed cylinder holders!
- Put out suet, bark butter and mealworms to attract insect-eating birds that are residents or arriving to spend the winter
- Install a birdbath heater ensure a steady supply of water. Remember, birds still need to bathe even in winter to keep their feathers conditioned for insulation and flight.
- Store bird food in a sealed container and keep in a cool dry place to prevent spoilage.
- Install a customized Wild Birds Unlimited bird feeding station where you can easily watch the birds it attracts. It can be installed in the ground or on a deck.
Did you know that we can do the following for you? Call 825-0602 x134 for more information.
- Install and maintain indoor plants – new Plant Services business features design, clean-air plants, maintenance & more
- Plant rental service
- Seasonal container & bedding service
- Custom Container drop-off & pick up
- Bulk Material Installation/Spreading
- Design & install holiday lighting
- Tune up your landscape and irrigation system
- Add a water feature
- Design and install a new landscape
- Upgrade an existing landscape
- Install a driveway, patio and other hardscapes
- Install FieldTurf artificial putting greens, lawns, dog runs & play areas
- Create a backyard bird habitat; have a healthier landscape this year – Make an appointment for an at-your site consultation; call our Plant Doctors:
Jon Bruyn at 825-0602 x118 or email@example.com
Lisa Braginton at 825-0602 x104 or firstname.lastname@example.org
Steve Packer at 853-1319 x225 or email@example.com
Michelle Gilmore at 425-4300 x303 or firstname.lastname@example.org
Helpful Video Showing How To Turn Your Irrigation/Sprinkler System On & Off - - View by clicking this link to Moana's You Tube Video.